What is Oncology?

Oncology is a branch of medicine which deals with the prevention, and treatment of cancer. A medical professional who practices oncology calls an oncologist or it can be understood as an oncologist is a physician who works in the field of oncology, the branch of medicine that deals with cancer.


Types of Oncology care at Sentara Hospital

The field of oncology has three major areas: medical, surgical, and radiation.

  • A medical oncologist treats cancer using chemotherapy or other medications, as targeted therapy or immunotherapy.
  • A surgical oncologist removes the tumor and nearby tissue during surgery. The surgical oncologist also performs certain types of biopsies to help diagnose cancer.
  • A radiation oncologist treats cancer using radiation therapy.

Oncology care at Sentara Hospital

At Sentara Hospital we have experienced oncologists who understand well that which type of oncology treatment a patient requires. Generally, our oncologists manage cancer patient’s care throughout the treatment as they explain the cancer diagnosis and stage, all treatment options and preferred choice.