What is a Laparoscopic Surgery?

Laparoscopic surgery, also known as minimally invasive surgery, band-aid surgery or keyhole surgery is in trend and modern surgical technique in which operations are performed through the small incision usually having a size of 0.5-1.5 cm.

Laparoscopy is a surgical procedure for the abdomen or pelvis, with the help of a small incision and a camera. Laparoscopic use to treat diagnosis or therapeutic interventions with small cuts in the abdomen. Earlier this technique was generally in use for gynecologic and gallbladder surgery. Over the last 10 years, Laparoscopic surgery or minimal surgery has been expended for intestinal surgery.


The Surgical Procedure

In traditional “open” method surgery, the surgeon uses a single incision to reach into the abdomen. In Laparoscopic surgery, a surgeon uses several 0.5-1 cm incisions. Each incision is called a “Port”. At each port, a tubular instrument knows as a trocar is inserted by a surgeon. Specialized instruments and special camera which is called a laparoscope are inserted by a surgeon through trocars. In the starting of the procedure, the abdomen is inflated with the help of carbon dioxide gas so that surgeon could see inside and work. Inserted Laparoscope transmits images from the abdominal cavity to the operating room. This surgical procedure allows the surgeon to perform traditional surgery but with the smaller incision.


Types of Laparoscopic surgeries

  1. A telescopic rod lens system, usually connected with a video camera (single or three chip)
  2. A digital laparoscope in which a miniature digital video camera is placed at the end of the laparoscope, eliminating the rod lens system.
Surgeons perform many minimally invasive surgeries, including:

  • Adrenalectomy to remove one or both adrenal glands
  • Anti-reflux surgery, sometimes called hiatal hernia repair, to relieve gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD)
  • Cancer surgery
  • Chest (thoracic) surgery
  • Cholecystectomy, to remove gallstones that cause pain
  • Colectomy to remove parts of a diseased colon
  • Colon and rectal surgery
  • Ear, nose and throat surgery
  • Endovascular surgery to treat or repair an aneurysm
  • Gallbladder surgery (cholecystectomy) to remove gallstones that cause pain
  • Gastroenterologic surgery, including for gastric bypass
  • General surgery
  • Gynecologic surgery
  • Heart surgery
  • Kidney surgery
  • Living donor kidney transplant
  • Neurosurgery
  • Orthopedic surgery
  • Splenectomy to remove the spleen
  • Thoracic surgery, such as video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) lobectomy
  • Urologic surgery

Laparoscopic Surgery care at Sentara Hospital

At Sentara Hospital, we try to prefer minimally invasive surgery, however patient’s choice, surgical conditions, and others. Minimal Invasive or Laparoscopic surgery helps patients for fast recovery and less blood loss. This surgery uses very small incisions and gives better recovery in the comparison of traditional surgery.